Since the financial crisis, advanced economies have been implementing unconventional monetary policies, and have yet to recover to their economic standards. Moreover, in developing economies, challenges such as lack of financial accessibility, inadequate educational/environmental infrastructure have become increasingly apparent. Meanwhile, FinTech is disrupting traditional financial services. Financial institutions are taking new approaches to green bonds, and heterodox economics such as MMT has been gaining controversy. In this new era, we share panel discussions led by members of the Sayuri Shirai Seminar.